Perbedaan instrumen perkembangan anak

Instrumen

sensitifitas

Spesi fitas

usia

 

waktu (min)

Notes

PEDS

0.74-0.79

(moderate)

 

0.70–0.80 (moderate)

 

0–8 yr

2-10

Instrument skrining perkembangan umum, Parent-interview form;

Didesain untuk masalah perkembangan dan tingkah laku yang memerlukan evaluasi lebih lanjut, dapat berguna sebagai alat survailans

Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ)

0.70–0.90

(moderate to high)

 

0.76–0.91

(moderate to high)

4–60 bln

10-15

Instrument skrining perkembangan umum, Parent-completed questionnaire; skrining komunikasi, motorik kasar, motorik halus, pemecahan masalah dan kemampuan personal adaptif

CDI

0.80–1.0.

(moderate to high)

 

0.94–0.96

(high)

18 bln- 6 thn

30-50

Instrument skrining perkembangan umum, Parent-completed questionnaire; Mengukur sosial, motorik, bahasa, dan kemampuan perkembangan umum

Denver-II

 

0.56–0.83      (low to moderate)

0.43–0.80 (low to

moderate)

0–6 thn

10-20

Instrument skrining perkembangan umum, Directly administered tool;

Didesain skrining bahasa ekspresif dan reseptif, motorik kasar, halus dan personal sosial

Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener

0.75–0.86 (moderate)

 

0.75–0.86

(moderate)

 

3–24 bln

10

Instrument skrining perkembangan umum, Skrining fungsi neurologis dasar, fungsi reseptif (visual, auditorik, dan taktil), fungsi ekspresif (oral, motorik kasar dan halus), dan proses kognitif.

Cognitive

Adaptive Test/Clinical

Linguistic Auditory

Milestone Scale

(CAT/CLAMS)

sensitivity:

0.21–0.67 in low-risk population

(low) and 0.05–0.88

in high-risk populations

(low to high)

specificity:

0.95–1.00 in low-risk

population (high) and 0.82–

0.98 in high-risk populations

(moderate to high)

3–36 bln

15-20

Directly administered tool;  Skrining bahasa dan kognitif, mengukur visual motorik/pemecahan masalah (CAT), bahasa ekspresif dan reseptif (CLAMS)

the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT)

0.85–0.87

(moderate)

 

0.93–0.99 (high)

18-24

bln

5

Instrument skrining autism, Parent-completed

questionnaire

ELM = Early Language Milestone Scale; CAT = Clinical AdaptiveTest; CLAMS = Clinical Linguistic and Auditory Milestone Scale; PEDS = Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status;

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